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50 Ways Farmers Can Protect Their Groundwater
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39. Seal Abandoned Wells

abandoned well

When an abandoned well is improperly sealed, or not sealed at all, it can be a hazard to safety and health.

Abandoned wells provide a direct path for pesticides, fertilizers, and other contaminants to reach your groundwater. You also run the risk of someone falling into an unsealed abandoned well. The best and only safeguard against this kind of situation is to properly seal all abandoned wells.

Sealing a well Sealing a well is generally not an expensive process, but it must be done correctly and should be done by a licensed groundwater professional.
well Homeowners have the right to seal their own wells, as long as they accept all responsibility for sealing it in compliance with the Illinois Water Well Code and all pertinent county codes.
sealing a well Before any work on sealing a well can begin, however, you must report it to the local public health department. Also, be sure you have obtained all permits and notified well inspectors.
well sealing You need to be sure your well sealing plan is approved by the local Department of Public Health before starting work. Exactly what is required in the plan depends on your local health department.
sealing the well Also, the procedure for sealing the well varies according to the type of well—dug or bored wells, drilled wells, or driven point wells. For details, contact your local public health department.

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